Methods of dating archaeological findings
Scientific archaeologists grasped at this rather quickly, although it wasn't used as a consistent technique until around the turn of the nineteenth century.Since then, the technique has been refined, and tools such as the Harris Matrixassist in picking out the sometimes quite complicated and delicate deposits.Although the importance of the different dating methods may outweigh each other, the all are very important to the study of archaeology as a whole.
Seriation is the changing of style of an object over time.
According to Renfrew and Bahn, “stratigraphy is the study of stratification- the laying down or depositing of strata one above the other.” (Renfrew and Bahn 2008, 122).
This basically involves ordering things into sequences.
Absolute dating on the other hand is the method of determining an approximate calculated age of an artifact in archaeology.
The goal of archaeologist is ultimately to know how old sequences, sites and artefacts are in calendar years.